Methods of Controlling Common Air-borne Diseases;-Airborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microbes small enough to be discharged from an infected person via coughing, sneezing, laughing and close personal contact or aerosolization of the microbe. The discharged microbes remain suspended in the air on dust particles, respiratory and water droplets.
Airborne diseases are diseases that are caused by pathogens and transmitted through the air.
Common air-borne diseases includes:
- Common cold – caused by viruses which are spread by droplets
- Sore throat – acute inflammation of the throat or pharynx
- Flu – acute respiratory tract infection of specific viral origin
- Bronchitis – acute or chronic disease, caused by bacteria or virus
- Pneumonia – acute infection of the lungs
- Measles – acute infection caused by viruses common in children
- Chickenpox – mild viral infection, very common in children
- Meningitis – inflammation of the meninges which covers the brain
- Tuberculosis – infectious chronic disease of the lung tissues
Prevention and Controll Airborne Diseases
Prevention and control of air borne diseases
Since the infective particles are spread by droplets from the respiratory tract of patients or carriers, an important part of the control of these diseases is based on preventing droplets from being inhaled by others.
Methods for Controlling Airborne Disease:
- Improved ventilation
- Avoid overcrowding
- Health education
- Seek treatment for any chronic cough
- Airborne diseases are of great public health importance
- Airborne diseases causes unnecessary morbidity and mortality which could be prevented
- The control is based on preventing droplets infections spreading from one person to another
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