Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries, as well as irregular menstrual periods, high levels of androgens (male hormones), and difficulty becoming pregnant. Symptoms of PCOS can include acne, weight gain, excessive hair growth, and difficulty losing weight.
The exact cause of PCOS is not known, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and increasing physical activity, as well as medications to regulate menstrual periods and manage symptoms.
In some cases, fertility treatment may be necessary for women with PCOS who are trying to conceive.
COMPLICATIONS OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can lead to several complications, including:
- Infertility: PCOS can make it difficult for women to become pregnant, as ovulation may be irregular or absent.
- Metabolic disorders: Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing diabetes and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to heart disease and stroke.
- Endometrial cancer: Irregular menstrual periods and high levels of estrogen can increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Sleep apnea: PCOS is linked to a higher risk of sleep apnea, a condition in which a person’s breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted during sleep.
- Depression and anxiety: Women with PCOS may be at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety due to the physical and emotional symptoms of the condition.
- Acne and hirsutism: PCOS can cause acne and excessive hair growth on the face, chest and back.
It is important to consult with a doctor if you suspect you have PCOS, and to get regular check-ups and screenings to monitor for any complications.
SYMPTOMS AND SINGS OF PCOS