What Causes Shortness of Breath After Heart Attack

What to know about shortness of breath after heart attack

You breathe thousands of times a day and rarely think about it, until you start to feel better. Respiratory problems can have many causes, such as discomfort, blockage, fever, or asthma. But in some cases, they may even indicate that something is wrong.

Whatever the cause, always treat your breathing problem. Ask your doctor to help you find the cause. But if your problem is sudden and severe, you should seek medical help immediately.

Heart Problems Affect Your Breathing

1. Heart failure (congestive heart failure)

This makes it difficult to breathe. Decreased ability to fill and loosen the heart, due to increased pressure on the blood vessels around the lungs. The most common symptom of depression is shortness of breath when turned on (this is a symbol of depression), it is necessary to push on the bed with several pillows, waking up at night shortness of breath, coughing at night or when lying down. Excessive breathing, tingling or swelling of the feet, inactive fatigue, as well as excessive fluid retention.

The cause of depression is usually nerve damage. In many patients, it causes heart attack (coronary heart disease). In some cases, it is due to the removal or narrowing of the heart valve (in this case, the doctor will report), toxins (such as alcohol or cocaine) cause coronary heart disease, bacterial infection, inheritance, or ignorance.

During the onset of depression, you may find it difficult to breathe after exercising, dressing, or walking around the room. But with a weak heart, you can still breathe when you fall. See your doctor if he or she is bothering you. They can help with medication and treatment.

Symptoms Of Heart Failure

  • heart palpitations
  • abdominal swelling
  • shortness of breath
  • leg and ankle swelling
  • protruding neck veins
  • fatigue
  • sudden weight gain
  • a loss of appetite
  • persistent coughing
  • irregular heart rate

What are the different types of heart failure?

Heart failure can occur on the left or right side of your heart. It is also possible for both parts of your heart to collapse at the same time.

Heart failure is divided into diastolic or systolic.

  • Left-sided heart failure

The left ventricular fibrillation is the most common form of depression. The left ventricle is in the lower left corner of your heart. This area sheds oxygenated blood all over your body. Left ventricular fibrillation occurs when the left ventricle does not contract properly. This prevents your body from getting enough oxygenated blood. Blood also flows into your lungs, causing shortness of breath and fluid retention.

  • Right-sided heart failure

The right heart is responsible for pumping blood into your lungs to collect oxygen. Right ventricular fibrillation occurs when the right side of your heart is not functioning properly. It often results in frustration on the left side. The accumulation of blood in the lungs makes the right ventricle active due to the frustration of the left ventricle. It goes down the right side of the heart and can fall.

Heart failure on the right side can also lead to other conditions such as pneumonia. The left ventricular septum is marked by inflammation of the lower extremity. This swelling causes fluid retention in the legs, feet, and abdomen.

How to diagnose Heart failure?

The examination; Your doctor may perform a physical exam to check for signs of depression. For example, leg pain, irregular heartache, and sore throat can lead your doctor to diagnose a heart attack.

Echocardiogram; Echocardiogram is the most effective way to diagnose heart attack. It uses sound waves to create a complete picture of your heart, which helps your doctor diagnose your heart damage and determine the root cause of your condition. Your doctor may use an echocardiogram as well as other tests.

How is heart attack treated?

Treatment of depression depends on the severity of your condition. Early treatment can improve symptoms quickly, but you should still try regular tests for 3 to 6 months. The main purpose of treatment is to extend your life.


The onset of depression can be treated with medication to reduce your symptoms and prevent your condition from getting worse. Some medications are listed:

  • Increase your ability to pump blood
  • Reduces bleeding
  • Reduce your heart rate when needed
  • Remove excess sodium and replenish potassium levels
  • Reduces cholesterol levels

These medications may include:

  • Blood thinners
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Beta blockers
  • Blocks of calcium channel
  • Cholesterol-lowering drugs
  • Nitrates

Talk to your doctor regularly before taking any new medication. Some medications for depressed people have been discontinued, including naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn) and ibuprofen (Advil, Midol).

2. Tachycardia

Tachycardia is the medical term for a heart rate over 100 beats per minute. There are many heart rhythm disorders that can cause tachycardia. Sometimes, it’s normal for you to have a fast heartbeat. For instance, it’s normal for your heart rate to rise during exercise or as a response to stress, trauma or illness. But in tachycardia , the heart beats faster than normal due to conditions unrelated to normal physiological stress.

In some cases, tachycardia may cause no symptoms or complications. But if left untreated, tachycardia can disrupt normal heart function and lead to serious complications, including:

  • Stroke
  • Sudden cardiac arrest or death

Types of tachycardia

There are several types of tachycardia. They are linked as part of the cardiovascular system for causing rapid heart rate and rapid depression. Common forms of tachycardia include:

Atrial fibrillation; Atrial fibrillation is the rapid onset of congestive heart failure, an abnormal electrical stimulation in the atria of the heart. These symptoms lead to rapid, inconsistent, weak atria. Atrial fibrillation may be temporary, but some conditions do not stop until treatment. Atrial fibrillation is the most common form of tachycardia.

Atrial flutter; In air sports, the atria of the heart disappears quickly but at any moment. Rapidly leads to weakness of the atria. What irritates them is the circular circulation in the atria. The occurrence of airway obstruction may go away on its own or may require treatment. People with tremors often have fibrillation next time.

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT); Supraventricular tachycardia is a rare heart attack that begins in the upper ventricles of the heart. This is due to the circadian rhythm of the heart which usually occurs during childbirth and creates a sign of confusion. Ventricular tachycardia. Ventricular tachycardia is a rapid heart failure that begins with an abnormal electrical current in the small ventricles of the heart.

The rapid heartbeat does not allow the body to produce enough blood to fill and supply the ventricles. Parts of ventricular tachycardia may be short and last only a few seconds without injury. But the show will take more than a few seconds and can be a life-threatening health accident.

Ventricular tachycardia; Ventricular fibrillation occurs when fast, vibrating electrical impulses in the lower ventricles instead of pumping the blood needed. This can be fatal if the heart is not restored as it falls within a few minutes of defibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation can occur during or after a heart attack. Many people with ventricular fibrillation have mild heart disease or have major injuries, such as strokes.

Symptoms tachycardia

When your heart is beating too hard, it may not be able to produce enough blood for your whole body. It can kill your body and tissues for oxygen and cause the following signs and symptoms of tachycardia

  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Rapid pulse rate
  • Heart palpitations
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting (syncope)

Causes of tachycardia

Tachycardia causes a blockage in the normal electrical impulse that controls your heart rate. Many things can cause or contribute to heart failure. These include:

  • High or low blood pressure
  • Imbalance of electrolytes, mineral-related substances necessary for conducting electrical impulses
  • Medication side effects
  • Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • Smoking
  • Sudden stress, such as fright
  • Use of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine or methamphetamine
  • Anemia
  • Drinking too many caffeinated beverages
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Exercise
  • Fever

When to see a doctor

Many conditions can lead to rapid heartbeat and tachycardia symptoms. It is important to have a quick, accurate diagnosis and proper care. See your doctor if you or your child has tachycardia symptoms. If you do not know yourself, you have difficulty breathing or have persistent pain for more than a few minutes, get emergency care, or call 911 or your local emergency number. Seek emergency care for anyone with these symptoms.

3. Pulmonary Edema

This condition means that there is more fluid in your lungs, which makes it harder to breathe. This often leads to heart problems. If the heart is diseased or damaged, it cannot produce enough blood from the lungs. When this happens, pressure builds up in the heart and puts water into the airways of the lungs, where there is no connection.

Shortness of breath can make time go by, or it may come on suddenly. If you have difficulty breathing, while you are asleep, if you have difficulty breathing, you feel sleepy, blue or gray, you may have blood in it, your heart be slow or inconsistent.

What is the medical definition of pulmonary edema?

  • Pulmonary bone literally means the density of fluid in the lungs. Nevertheless, the lungs are a complex structure, and there are many reasons for this large volume of water. Regardless of the cause, the fluid makes it difficult for the lungs to function.
  • The air from the mouth and nose enters the lungs, moving in the airways through the airways. These bags gradually move into smaller sections until they reach a place called the blind alveoli. Here, the airway is separated from the red blood cells in the blood vessels by the small wall of the alveolus and the smooth wall of the blood vessel.
  • The wall is so thin that oxygen cells can release air and transfer hemoglobin cells into red blood cells instead of carbon dioxide. This allows oxygen to be used for the metabolism of air in the body as well as the removal of waste, carbon dioxide, from the body.

What causes pulmonary edema?

  • If too much water enters the alveolus or if water is put into a gap between the alveolar wall and the capillary wall, there is a greater chance for oxygen transport and carbon dioxide particles to be able to pass through. middle of the lungs and blood.
  • Lack of oxygen in the blood is the main symptom of pulmonary edema, which makes it difficult to breathe.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary edema?

Breathing is the most common symptom of pulmonary edema and the cause of lung failure is giving the body too much oxygen. Many slowly develop shortness of breath or dyspnea. Anyway, depending on the cause, it can happen violently. For example, pulmonary edema, which develops suddenly, is often associated with a heart attack.

Difficulty can manifest in the beginning from past difficulties. It can be gradually reduced in exercise intensity, since it takes less work to bring about symptoms. In addition to breathing, some patients with pulmonary edema may also experience shortness of breath.

When seeking medical attention for pulmonary edema

Strong encouragement is not new, health care should be sought to find out why. Pulmonary edema can be a life-threatening condition. For people with respiratory problems, emergency care should be sought immediately. In many places, trigger an emergency reaction, which may occur if the patient is in distress. Along with struggle, these can be weak, stubborn, gray or blue, yellow and sweaty. They may have a cough.

4. Cardiomyopathy

It is a serious cardiovascular problem that makes it difficult to slip and move the body. There are many different types of cardiomyopathy and many side effects, such as treatment for heart attack, diabetes, or cancer. Or the cause may be obesity, alcoholism, or high blood pressure. In some cases, doctors do not know why.

You may not see any symptoms of cardiomyopathy at first. But it is as bad as it can be when you are working out or even when you are resting. You may notice swelling in the legs, feet, and ankles. You may be tired or dizzy, have a cough when you sleep, have a quick depression, or have a heart attack. If you have difficulty breathing, or have chest pains that will take more than a few minutes, get emergency help.

How common is cardiomyopathy?

Cardiomyopathy can affect anyone of any age or race. About 1 in every 500 people has cardiomyopathy. Some types of cardiomyopathy are more common in some people than in others. For example, dilated cardiomyopathy is more common in black people. Cardiomyopathy is fatal and arrhythmogenic most likely in men.

How does cardiomyopathy affect children and adolescents?

Pediatric cardiomyopathy can affect children and adolescents of any age, race or age. It is more likely to grow in infants than in older children. Children can inherit cardiomyopathy. Often, they can develop cardiomyopathy from viral infections. About 75% of the time, health professionals do not know what causes this condition.

Some children may not have symptoms of cardiomyopathy until they have a heart attack. In any case, early detection and treatment can improve a child’s outcomes. Children with a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy need regular care by a physician. They take medicine every day. Depending on the cause, the type and stage of cardiomyopathy, many children and adolescents may live a restricted life.

What are the symptoms of cardiomyopathy?

  • Fatigue.
  • Heart palpitations (rapid heartbeat).
  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea).
  • Swelling (edema) in the legs, calves or ankles.
  • Syncope (fainting).

How is cardiomyopathy treated?

Cardiomyopathy treatment focuses on controlling your symptoms. Treatment slows the progression of this disease. You will be checked regularly to check your heart health.

Your healthcare provider may recommend:

  • Medication:

Cardiovascular medicine can improve your blood pressure, seal marks or treat the conditions below. You can lower blood pressure like warfarin (Coumadin®), beta blockers like propranolol (Inderal®) or medications to lower cholesterol.

  • Devices to correct arrhythmias: 

Pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) to treat periodic heart failure. These devices monitor your heart rate. They send electrical impulses to your heart when arrhythmia begins.

Devices to improve blood flow; Some applications help your heart pump blood properly. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CRT) also maintains a blockage between the left and right sides of the heart. Left ventricular arrhythmias (LVAD) help your heart to pump blood.

Surgery; If you have severe symptoms or a heart condition below, your provider may recommend heart surgery. Providers generally recommend open heart surgery or resuscitation when all other treatments have failed to bring relief.