Reasons Causing Tennis Elbow And Shoulder Pain

The elbow is a hard joint that allows it to bend and stretch, and rotate the arm. The elbow is formed by connecting three bones: the upper arm, the forearm on the side of the pink finger, and the back hand on the side of the finger. The surfaces of these bones, where they meet to form a joint, are covered with yellow oats, a soft substance that protects the bones and acts as a natural stream to absorb energy in the joint. A thin, soft tissue, called the synovial membrane, covers all the remaining surfaces within the elbow joint.

On a healthy elbow, this membrane produces a small amount of water that softens the cartilage and removes almost all friction as you bend and rotate your arm. Hold together by muscles, tendons and tendons, the elbow is a mixed hinge with a pivot connector. The elbow part of the elbow allows the hand to bend like a door hinge, while the pivot part makes it possible for the lower arm to rotate and rotate. There are several muscles, nerves and tendons that cross the elbow.

What to know about  tennis elbow

Tennis elbow is common among tennis players and other athletes, but it can also affect people who have never taken a race. This type of wound can be painful and depressing, but it can be treated successfully  often without surgery. Tennis elbow is characterized by pain in the extensor muscle, located on the outer side of the elbow elbow. Pain can be felt in the middle of the arm to the skeletal part of the outer elbow . It is usually caused by an overuse wound, in which repetitive movements take their toll on small muscles and tendons. Few cases occur because of direct impact or injuries.

Tennis elbow is also an inflammation of the tendons that connect the arm muscles to the outside of the elbow. It is most often caused by overuse of the muscles of the arm and tendons and those around the elbow. Tennis elbow is also known as elbow pain or lateral epicondylitis and is not necessarily related to tennis. However, tennis players often develop the condition because it stems from the use of repetitive muscles. Half of all tennis players will get a tennis elbow in their profession.

The most common symptom of a tennis elbow is constant pain outside the upper arm, just below the elbow bend. Pain can also be felt under the arm, towards the arm. Pain can occur when a person lifts or bends an arm. It is also felt when performing basic actions, such as writing or holding small objects. Tennis elbow can cause pain when you twist the arm. This can be known when turning the door handle or fully stretching the arm.

Causes of elbow tennis

The cause of the tennis elbow is due to repeated repetitive hand movements. This can cause small tears in the tendon attachment to the elbow. In tennis, this translates into a repetitive motion with the force of the ball and the race. Improper technique can cause force in the racquet swing around through and around the arm. This creates movement in the arm instead of the elbow or shoulder. This can increase the pressure on the tendon and cause itching and inflammation.

Other causes of elbow tennis

Despite the name, tennis elbow means any injury to this tendon caused by misuse. Tennis elbow can come from everyday activities such as:

  • using scissors
  • cutting solid food
  • garden
  • sports activities that include a high level of throwing
  • swimming
  • manual labor that involves turning a repeat or raising a hand, such as a pipe, writing, or brick construction.

Often, the extensor muscles are painful because of the breakdown of the tendon. The extensor muscle is the one that stretches the arm. Tennis elbow is associated with the extension of the fingers and hand. This is the type of movement that allows a person to “catch” or swing a hand, as during a race switch.

Can a tennis elbow affect your shoulder?

Symptoms of a tennis elbow are not prevented by your elbow. The pain can spread to other areas, such as your shoulder. In addition, your shoulder can become sore when your body tries to compensate for the lack of movement and strength of your elbow.

Symptoms of tennis elbow and shoulder pain

  1. Pain on the outside of the elbow, or along the muscles outside the arm
  2. Weakness in the arm that causes difficulty with normal functions, e.g. lifting a plate or cup, opening doors, folding a wet towel, etc.
  3. Frequent swelling / inflammation due to poor blood supply to the tendon
  4. Pain or stiffness in the shoulder
  5. Loss of movement in the shoulder
  6. Sleeping on the affected shoulder, although sometimes even lying on the other side can be painful as well
  7. Difficulty with certain movements, e.g. washing your hair, reaching for your back, wearing a jacket, making a brush.

Causes of tennis elbow and shoulder pain

Tennis elbow usually follows an Extensor muscle fight that works harder than usual. There are several Extensor muscles that allow the fingers and arm to expand and they all come out through a single tendon called the ‘Common Extensor Tendon’. The following are just the causes of elbow tennis and shoulder pain;

Shoulder joint overload syndrome; Occasionally, full shoulder joint flexion while swimming, playing baseball or tennis, due to minor trauma or wearing natural joint when aging are the most common causes of joint stiffness. In the early stages you may feel less pain in the shoulder than it may sound right during peace and movement, pain showing from shoulder to arm, sudden pain, sharpness when lifting or holding objects.

Medial epicondylitis or golfer’s elbow; is inflammation of the inner part of the joint where the bone is attached to the muscle tendons. The golfer’s elbow is formed because of the constant bending movements of the palms, as a result of which the palm muscles of the palms and toes become more congested, as well as the connecting parts of the tendons, causing inflammation, swelling and pain in the elbow joint.

Lateral epicondylitis or tennis elbow; it is an inflammation of the tendons that connects the muscles of the outer arm outside the elbow. These muscles connect the palm to the humerus. Muscle activity acquires palm movement. Tennis elbow is a recurring elbow problem caused by tension, overload or trauma. Tennis elbow manifests itself as swelling and pain in the outer part of the elbow which increases when you move the palm.

Rotator cuff injury; The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that rotate the shoulder joint, placing the head of your upper arm bone inside the shoulder blade. These tendons can rupture due to injury and also deteriorate in old age. In the case of degenerative tendon pain it usually becomes severe at night and can be felt somewhere, the upper arm where the muscles are attached to the shoulder bone.

Shoulder bursae; it is a swelling that is caused in a small sack filled with water. Symptoms of inflammation are pain, swelling, slight movements and pain when moving. Inflammation is caused by excessive joint, recurrent or dislocated joint trauma, as well as calcific tendinitis due to the fact that lime crystals are formed in the rotator cuff, forming holes or holes and causing inflammation of the surrounding tissues. tendon.

Frozen; in the medical community it is unknown but it is a common disease that affects the shoulder joint. The disease can occur suddenly or develop slowly with pain in the shoulder that persists causing a few movements as well. A frozen shoulder causes the formation of red tissue in the joint shoulder rubble.

How are tennis elbow and shoulder pain diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider can detect your tennis elbow and shoulder, by physical examination. In some cases, you can perform several tests, such as:

  • X-ray check the bones of your elbow to see if you have arthritis on your elbow.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can show your tendons and how serious the damage is. An MRI of your neck can show if arthritis in your neck, or disc problems in your spine are causing pain in your arm.
  • Electromyography (EMG) of your elbow may indicate if you have any neurological problems that may be causing your pain.

Prevention of tennis elbow and shoulder pain

To reduce the risk of tennis elbow and shoulder pain, it is important to consider movement techniques during exercise or practice. It is best to spread the load on the large muscles of the shoulder and upper arm, rather than focusing on the activity on the small muscles in the arm and elbow.

  • Warming up; Getting warm before playing a game that involves repeated hand movements, such as tennis or squash, is essential. Gently stretching the arm muscles will help prevent injury.
  • Using lightweight tools; Lightweight sports equipment or racquets with large grip sizes will help reduce strain on the tendons. Dirty tennis balls and old balls load the hand with unnecessary force.
  • Increasing the strength of forearm muscles; This can help the movement of the hand and prevent the elbow of the tennis.

A physiotherapist may also recommend appropriate exercise to help strengthen the skeletal muscle.

Treatment of tennis elbow and shoulder pain

Most cases can be treated surgically and without surgery, especially if you get treatment as soon as symptoms appear. Common treatments for tennis elbow and shoulder pain include;

1. Physical therapy

When this acute phase lasts, physical therapy then begins to play an important role in recovery. Soft tissue massage and relaxation of any tight muscles is good, as well as proper stretching and strengthening the muscles and tendons of the Extensor. It is important to stretch and strengthen the muscles and tendons of the Extensor in the right way; this is usually achieved by eccentric exercise, talk to your physiotherapist about these. Evidence suggests that this type of exercise is one of the best strategies in calming the elbow tennis.

Getting back to work and unloading the tendon and support elbow tennis is also important as it can be difficult to change workplace techniques that require long-term use of hands or arms. Talk to your employer about workplace evaluation to make sure you are well-positioned – whether this is a basic desk, on the factory floor or in a workshop.

2. Self Help Treatment

Also known as Adhesive Capsulitis, frozen shoulder is a common shoulder condition that affects between 2-5% of the population, usually in people between the ages of 40 and 65 and usually women than men. It is characterized by the onset of pain and persistent stiffness that takes place within the shoulder joint – usually not you or anyone else, who can move the shoulder joint. It affects everyone differently, from just a slight decrease in movement, to having absolutely no movement on the shoulder. It should be noted that a preserved shoulder is not a form of arthritis and does not affect other organs within the body.

3. Surgery

If your symptoms do not go away after 6 to 12 months of non-surgical treatment, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend surgical treatment. For any surgery there are risks, and these vary from person to person. The problem is usually small, treatable and impossible to affect your end result. Your orthopedic surgeon will speak to you before surgery to explain any risks and complications that may be involved in your procedure.

This may be needed to remove the damaged part of the tendon and reduce pain in rare cases where surgical treatment does not resolve the symptoms in 6 to 12 months. Between 80 and 95 percent of patients recover without surgery. To prevent further damage to the tendons, it may be necessary to wear a hand brace or wrist when using the hand. It can be given at rest or sleep. A doctor or physiotherapist may advise on the best type of brace or splint.

4. Exercise

Stretching exercises that include the use of weights or elastic bands can help. You increase the strength to hold pain without the strength of the hand. Experts recommends several exercises A reliable source of using dumbbells that have helped muscle condition in patients with tennis elbow. Exercising during a tennis elbow case is important for gaining muscle strength and reducing pain.

exercise for tennis elbow and shoulder pain

Despite the painful sensations, it is possible to reduce the ease in regular exercise through early stretching. The most important part of managing an elbow tennis is developing a daily stretching and lifting regimen. Start with low weights and increase the difficulty of motion until it can complete ten lifts.

5. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication

Medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen can help reduce pain and swelling. Most people are aware of these unregistered NSAIDS, however, if they are taken over the counter or over the counter, they must be used with caution. Taking these medications for more than a month should be reviewed by your primary care physician. If you develop reflux or stomach pain while taking anti-inflammatory, also make sure to talk to your doctor.